Fully automatic machines were originally developed for the gastronomy sector to make work easier for service staff. They take care of everything, from grinding the beans to preparing the frothed milk for a cappuccino or latte macchiato. The water is forced through a portion of freshly ground coffee at a high pressure. Depending on the type of machine used, the result can be anything from an aromatic filter coffee or café crème to an espresso with a light or golden brown layer of foam, known as the crema.
These days, fully automatic machines are becoming standard in more and more private homes.